I was just working on an HP ProBook 4730s and the keyboard stopped working. None of the keys worked. I figured maybe I had hit the Alt key and some other key and inadvertantly changed a setting.
I went to another computer and looked up keyboard settings and fixing a broken keyboard, keyboard not functioning, etc..
I don't know what caused the problem, but it was really simple to fix. If this happens to you, shut off the computer, unplug the AC cord and remove the battery for a couple of minutes. I don't know why, but it worked. I am typing again.